1821 - He was born November 11, in Moscow . Their father, Mijaíl Andréievich, was medical of María's Hospital for indigent, in one of the poorest neighborhoods in Moscow . There they inhabited a minuscule housing. He is the second of eight children. Their childhood lapsed solitary - due to his enclave - and under the tyranny of a hard, irascible father and fond of the drink. Their mother, María Fiódorovna Necháieva, kind, was very devote of character, and it introduced their children in the art and in the literature. Their first education they received it in the home, under the father's rigorous care.
1827 - Their father is honored with Santa Ana 's order and noted Collegiate Adviser. With it is included it to him and their children in the registration of the hereditary nobility of Moscow .
1831 - Mijaíl Andreievich acquires Darovoe and Chermoshná, a small village and a small town, in the county of Tula . Then it will turn out to be a bad investment, due to the not well state of the properties.
1833 - He enters, with their bigger brother Mijaíl, in a pensioner as half internal.
1834 - They enter in the pensioner of Chermak, where the complete secondary school was studied, and where the best professors in Moscow were. Davídov, Doctor in Literature, one of the professors of Chermak, is who vivified the small Dostoevsky's literary restlessness analyzing the problems of the modern Russian literature.
1837 - Dostoevsky's mother dies from a galloping consumption, February 27, to the 37 year-old age. In May, Fyodor and Mijaíl enter in the School of Military Engineers , in San Petersburgo, entering with problems due to the immediacy of the entrance exams. Mijaíl is rejected by reasons of health, and Fyodor it is accepted although without scholarship. It takes a solitary life, refugee in the literature. July 1 retire their father to their possessions, amid a considerable economic precariousness. There, due to their character and to their alcoholism, the hate of its servants is won.
1839 - June eight, Mijaíl Andréievich dies at the hands of its servants. The Kumanin, the political family of the mother's sister, and that they had already carried some of the Dostoevsky's expenses, they are taken the orphans' charge and they also take charge of administering the country property.
1841 - After the exams, Dostoevsky is ascended second lieutenant field engineer. This gives him more social mobility, and therefore a more direct contact with the literary world.
1843 - In August he finishes the military career without too much success, and it is dedicated, with the second lieutenant grade, to the service of topography of the Body of Engineers of San Petersburgo. It carries debts, for their liking to the game and the life little administered.
1844 - Balzac San Petersburgo visits, and Dostoevsky conceives the idea of translating Eugénie Grandet to liquidate a debt of 300 rubles with a loan shark. This translation will wake up its vocation, and soon after of finishing it he requests the leave of the army with the idea of being devoted exclusively to the literature. September 30, little before receiving the leave order, he writes their brother saying him that it is finishing a novel. In November, it finishes Poor People, although then numerous retouches and polishes will come.
1846 - It is published Poor People, and it is received with an enthusiastic critic that he calls to Dostoitevsky "new Gogol". This success opens him the doors of the literary living rooms, and where is related with the big writers of the time that were for that time in San Petersburgo, with editors and with critical. That same year it publishes another story, The alias, that is also received with success. However, to this they continue him other stories, more fantastic, how him same the flame, and that they disappoint to the critic that nevertheless (except in the sounded case of the ferocious critic of Belinski to The owner) they don't revolve against him. Be like be, the stories that he has gone publishing between 1846 and 1848 have already given him certain fame.
1848-1850 - Dostoevsky's pride hurts for the hard critic of Belinski, and he conceives a more ambitious work, another novel. This way, he begins to write Niétochska Nezvánova, publishing it, as he writes it in Point Native. However, the writing is unfinished: it takes place, April 23, Dostoevsky's detention for ownership to socialist groups. Dostoevsky will finish Niétochska Nezvánova in 1860, subjecting the main idea to an important change. Of the 123 detainees of the socialist circle of Petrashevski, 21, among them Dostoevsky, they are condemned to death. After eight months of reclusion in Pedro and Pablo 's strength, they are driven in front of the platoon. The first three blindfolded criminals were already and before the platoon, when the commutation of the hardships arrived for others of prison and forced works. To Dostoevsky it fit him 4 years of forced works in the penitentiary of Omsk and the successive incorporation to lines like ordinary soldier. He entered in the prison January 23 1850.
1854-1857 - In February it concludes the condemnation that, with all that happened previously, it has meant a mark that will take all their life and it will affect him in many aspects. It enters, as it dictated the penalty, in the 7º battalion of Semipalatinsk like ordinary soldier. There, however, and although the atmosphere is not better than in penal, he can write and to read, and he puts on hands to the work to recover lost time and to put on at the present time a day literary. As the time passes they are gone opening the doors of the surroundings and he leaves relaxing its régime, until he ends up having an own room where, at night, he can write. It frequents a house of a tuberculosis and alcoholic official of customs, Isáev, with whose woman falls in love with passion Dostoevsky. After being widow, María Isaeva, with a son, marries Dostoevsky in February of 1857. That same year, the czar Alejandro II order an amnesty that affects Dostoevsky, and it recovers this way their nobility and it can already publish their works.
1858 - In August, Native Notes publish a little short story, The Small Hero, with the alias of M-y. Dostoevsky, wrote it in Pedro and Pablo 's strength.
1859 - He receives the licence, with lieutenant's grade, and together with the permission of residing in any place but not in San Petersburgo and Moscow . He moves to Tver. While he resides there, the Uncle's dream and The village of Stepánchikovo and their inhabitants are published, conceived as works with those that he would recover the lost name. The magazines don't welcome him completely well. In December he is authorized to return to San Petersburgo. After ten years of confinement, Dostoevsky returns, with his family, deeply changed, penetrated of a Christian, and accented resignation spirit the social and political conservatism that had already begun before his detention.
1860 - Starting from September the first chapters of Memories of the House of the Deads appear, in the newspaper The Russian World. He works, and it will continue working, in it since he left the prison, and he picks up numerous examples and authentic characters, of among all that knew in Omsk .
1861 - In January, in the first issue of the magazine that their brother Mijaíl has founded, The Time begins to publish Humiliated and Offended.
1862 - Dostoevsky carries out his first trip to the foreign in June of this year, traveling to France , Italy and England . There his relationships begin with Polina Súslova.
1863 - Starting from the trip to Europe 1862, the winter Notes arise on summer impressions, not in fact the narration of a dream trip, but a virulent critic of all the countries that visits, accusing them of moral decadence and criticizing their materialism, affirming that Russia will only be able to leave ahead by means of its tradition, reaffirming the posture pro Slavic. These notes are published in The Time, little before it closes. At the end of year he moves to Moscow for their wife's illness. Dostoevsky travels to Paris , among other things to meet with Polina Súslova, with which travels again through Italy . They separate after this trip and Dostoevsky returns again to Moscow for Italy .
1864 - Mijaíl and Fyodor are able to publish a new magazine, The Time, and there they publish Notes of the Underground. In May María Dmítrievna dies. In summer Mijaíl Dostoevsky dies. Fyodor is taken charge of its debts (25.000 rubles) and of its family that is abandoned. He works indefatigably in the magazine, but it is not able to take out it ahead. The debts begin to burden him.
1865 - The debts continue burdening him, and the game causes him more than displeasure, and he goes aboard in some not very profitable business, as the premature sale of a work to the publishing Stellovski. Stellovski accepts: if Dostoevsky doesn't give him the novel in the agreed term, Stellovski keeps the rights of all its work. He also offers to Katkov, The Russian messenger's director, the idea of a novel, the "psychological synthesis of a crime". Katkov accepts giving him an advance of 300 rubles.
1866 - It is published The Gambler, the novel that Dostoevsky has promised to Stellovski, and that, as it is related, Dostoevsky dictated in so single two weeks, while he worked in Crime and Punishment; the typist that helps him is Ana Snítkina. Dostoevsky the delivery on time, and he requests the typist that helps him until finishing Crime and Punishment, thing that she accepts. Crime and Punishment leaves publishing for deliveries in The Russian messenger, with a great acceptance on the part of critic and public.
1867 - Ana Snítkina and Fyodor Dostoevsky marry February 15. The relative of Fyodor Mijailovich burdens him more and more with economic demands, the creditors reduce the fence... Ana decides to put an end to the situation and she sells and pawns all her endowment. In March, the marriage goes to Europe, in a trip that it will last four years, with dark moments taken place by the epileptic attacks of him, more and more frequent, and for its relapses in the game; and, overalls, for the death, to the two months of age, of the daughter that was born them in Geneva, Sofía.
1870 - Another engaged novel appears to Katkov: The Idiot.
1871 - He appears The Demons. Being in Dresden , he is born to the couple a new son: Lubov. Katkov, with the promise of a new novel, advances them 500 rubles to return to Moscow , thing that they make in July. At the little time a new son is born them, to the one who they call this time Fiodor. To the turn the creditors assault them to who again makes front Ana, putting order. To their return, Dostoevsky that now enjoys of great prestige, it participates actively in the social life and intellectual of the time.
1873 - Director of The Citizen, a reactionary magazine becomes; in the contract a condition is imposed: that a part is dedicated to the Daily of a Writer. This will take to a hard polemic with the democratic sectors of the country. In Daily of a Writer he manifests openly, among other things, their ideas now reactionary. However, the contradictions - maybe apparent - of Dostoevsky they are something perfectly grateful, and at the same time that he manifests the official watchword "autocracy, orthodox religion and national spirit", he also manifests a great social conscience and a great human conscience.
1875 - The Adolescent appears.
1879 - It begins to publish The Brothers Karamázov, last novel of Dostoevsky; he novel framed in a project that he won't be able to finish.
1881 - Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky dies January 28.